Matthew exegesis

Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Toggle navigation. Sign in. Password Assistance. Email address. Matthew Share Tweet Save. Matthew Matthew Things profane and unclean, as flesh torn by beasts, were ordered to be given to them, Exodus but nothing that was holy was to be given them, as holy flesh, or the holy oblations, or anything that was consecrated to holy uses; to which is the allusion here.

But since the subject Christ is upon is reproof, it seems rather to be the design of these expressions, that men should be cautious, and prudent, in rebuking and admonishing such persons for their sins, in whom there is no appearance or hope of success; yea, where there is danger of sustaining loss; lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you : that is, despise the admonitions and reproofs given, and hurt the persons who give them, either by words or deeds; see Proverbs Proverbs Temura, fol.

Becorot, fol.

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Pesachim, fol. F11 Mischar Happeninim apud Buxtorf. Read Matthew Dolores Smyth. Justin Torres. Hope Bolinger. Clarence L.

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Haynes Jr. Is Jealousy a Sin? Heather Adams. All rights reserved.And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary It is a comfort to those who go down to the sea in ships, and are often in perils there, to reflect that they have a Saviour to trust in and pray to, who knows what it is to be on the water, and to be in storms there.

Those who are passing with Christ over the ocean of this world, must expect storms. His human nature, like to ours in every thing but sin, was wearied, and he slept at this time to try the faith of his disciples.

They, in their fear, came to their Master.

Matthew 7:6

Thus is it in a soul; when lusts and temptations are swelling and raging, and God is, as it were, asleep to it, this brings it to the brink of despair. Then it cries for a word from his mouth, Lord Jesus, keep not silence to me, or I am undone. Many that have true faith, are weak in it.

Christ's disciples are apt to be disquieted with fears in a stormy day; to torment themselves that things are bad with them, and with dismal thoughts that they will be worse.

Great storms of doubt and fear in the soul, under the power of the spirit of bondage, sometimes end in a wonderful calm, created and spoken by the Spirit of adoption. They were astonished. They never saw a storm so turned at once into a perfect calm. He that can do this, can do any thing, which encourages confidence and comfort in him, in the most stormy day, within or without, Isa Barnes' Notes on the Bible Save us - Save our lives.

We perish - We are in danger of perishing. This showed great confidence in the Saviour. It shows, also, where sinners and Christians should always go who feel that they are in danger of perishing. There is none that can save from the storms of divine wrath but the Son of God. For the exposition, see on []Mr Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible And his disciples came unto him, From some other part of the ship, being in great consternation, and distress, and awoke him; saying, Lord, save us, we perish.

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They awoke him by their loud cries, and repeated calls; for in Luke, the form of address is doubled, "Master, Master!This controversy section began with Jesus cleansing the temple and cursing an unfruitful fig tree From heaven or from men? He then responded with three parables of judgment or four, depending on how you count :. These are often counted as one parable because of their common setting, but verses and verses make different points, and may therefore be considered two parables.

There was a man who was a master of a household, oikodespotes who planted a vineyard, set a hedge about it, dug a winepress in it, built a tower, leased it out to farmers, and went into another country.

This is one of only three parables to be found in all three Synoptic Gospels see also Mark ; Luke —the other two being the Parable of the Sower and the Parable of the Mustard Seed The Parable of the Tenants is an allegory—a story in which each of the elements people, things, and happenings has a hidden or symbolic meaning:. NOTE: Allegorical interpretation has a bad reputation due to historical misuse, and many people shun it.

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However, most scholars today agree that this parable is allegorical, but warn us not to push the allegorical approach too far—not to impose a special meaning on every element i. The people to whom Jesus was speaking would recognize the vineyard imagery from Isaiah where the landowner planted a vineyard, built a watchtower, and hewed out a wine vat.

Jesus uses each of these elements in his story:.

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Therefore the owner destroyed the vineyard, removing the hedge, breaking down the wall, and commanding the clouds not to rain upon it Isaiah This landowner must be wealthy. It would be possible to plant a vineyard without a fence or wine press or watchtower, and that is what most landowners would do.

This landowner, however, does everything right—everything! He spares no expense in making this a first-class vineyard—a vineyard that lends itself to efficient operation—a vineyard that gives the tenants every advantage. When we understand this parable as an allegory, this means that God has done everything possible to give Israel every advantage. He has established an everlasting covenant with them—has led them through good times and bad—has given them the Promised Land as their inheritance—has given them the law and prophets to guide them.

This would be a sharecropper arrangement where the tenant would keep a certain percentage of the fruit and would give the rest to the landlord. The allegory breaks down somewhat at this point, because this landowner becomes an absentee landlord, but God has never been absent from his people.

matthew exegesis

However, we should never expect an allegory to be exact in every detail. The Jewish leadership, which failed to produce good fruit, is being disenfranchised, and the vineyard is being given to the church, which will produce good fruit.

This is a new vineyard, so the owner cannot expect much fruit for the first several years. It is important, however, that he show diligence in collecting his rent or his portion of the produce. If the tenants can show that they have had unsupervised ownership of the land for three years, they stand a good chance of establishing title in their own names—taking legal possession of the land.

By collecting rent on a regular basis, the landowner is protecting his title to his land Morris, The amount collected is less important than the fact that the owner collects it and re-establishes his ownership. At this point, the story takes on an exaggerated character, because in real life the landowner would send soldiers to punish the tenants. See also Matthew ; The tenants, however, see an opportunity to inherit the vineyard by killing the heir.Matthew On weighty evidence we should follow Lachm.

So Lachm. Further on Lachm. Deleted by Lachm. Already suspected by Griesb. Exegetical analysis, in order to remove ambiguity as to the connection. Scholz, Fritzsche, Rinck, Tisch. Syrcur Or. An interpolation. Erroneous emendation. Fritzsche, Schulz, Scholz, Tisch. Syrcur It.

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Johnal. It is a mechanical interpolation from Matthew The transcribers failed to notice the difference of meaning. Gloss from Matthew ; Mark The question, according to Matthew in Mark otherwiseis suggested by the consideration of the circumstances : Who, as things standis, etc. Mark ; Luke The same truth is presented under a kindred figure and in a wider sense in John ; John ff. Luke ; Luke Inference from the general principle of Matthew to the special child-like quality in which the disciples were deficient, as well as to the special subject of their question.

Moreover, the words of Matthewinasmuch as they are essentially connected with the question of the disciples, are certainly original, not an anticipation of Matthew ff.This debate can be especially challenging in the Scripture passage of Matthew where the reader finds Jesus praying in the Garden of Gethsemane. Many of the ancient and medieval theologians worked to explain away apparent humanistic characteristics seen in this section of the text, while more modern theologians seem. The saying of Jesus within Matthew will be studied.

The literary and historical contexts of the passage will be deduced. Finally, exegesis on all five verses will be done. How does one follow Christ? Will the literary context of this passage affect its interpretation?

These questions and more will be answered below. Literary Context In order to properly interpret the cost of discipleship addressed in Matthewa look into the literary context of the passage. All three synoptic Gospels contain this similar passage. The differences in the synoptics will be discussed briefly to identify the purpose of including this passage in each context. Also, the surrounding context of the book of Matthew will be provided so as to correctly exegete the passage.

First, who does Jesus address while saying these things? In Matthew, Jesus is speaking to his disciples. The Gospel according to Matthew, although being the first book of the New Testament canon, it was not considered the first gospel genre to be written.

In this essay, I intend to look at how the exegesis and interpretation of this gospel may be affected by our understanding of the authorship, its intended readership and where and when it was written.

Although all these categories are important. Unlike the gospels of Luke, Matthew, and Mark that each had a certain specific target audience, the book of.

The Gospel of Matthew is the first canonical gospel of the New Testament.

matthew exegesis

It is believed to be written somewhere between the period of CE. Like the other canonical gospels, the gospel of Matthew is a biography of Jesus. Matthew presents Jesus as the fulfillment of the Messiah and scripture. Joyce G.

Bible Commentaries

This view rests upon the occurrence of a Sabbath year every seven years Lev. For instance, The Eerdmans'. Introduction The passage of this exegetical paper, Matthewis the narrative of the transfiguration of Jesus on a mountain with three of His disciples Peter, James and John as witnesses.

Literary Criticism Context Matthewthe passage before mine, Jesus had revealed to His disciples His upcoming suffering, death and resurrection.

He informed them that His followers would have to take up their cross to be with Him. Carrying your cross in that period of time meant a torturous. Home Page Exegesis Of Matthew. Exegesis Of Matthew Words 9 Pages.The Blue Letter Bible. KJV, alternate versions, Greek text with concordance, commentaries. Marshall, University of Toronto. From the Geneva Notes. Spurgeon, Johnson, As the ultimate "landowner," God will use what has always belonged to the Creator for the good of all even if humans fail to view the world through God's eyes.

Because then generosity is not generous. By definition, generosity is not measurable, accountable, or calculable. We want to control it, to manage it, and to conform it to our vision of what and who is worthy of it. Hunt, Dancing with the Word What would it be like to be able to offer that gift to another? When do you see yourself doing so next?

matthew exegesis

Pulpit Fictionplus podcast. Reflections of lectionary text, pop culture, current events, etc.

matthew exegesis

Robb Mc Coy and Eric Fistler, In a very real sense, we are all "eleventh-hour workers," regardless of what we may have done. Ed McNulty, Visual Parables. The scandal of our faith is that we are often covetous and jealous when God's gifts of forgiveness and life are given to other in equal measure. Commentary and association with current news events, links and videos. They complain instead to the landowner, You have made them [the one-hour workers] equal to us.

Rick Morley, a garden path If we'd just take the time to look, we'd see that God has filled our cup to the brim too. McKenzie, Edgy Exegesis, Patheos Love of this kind goes beyond human rights.

Detailed background and exegesis. We, his followers, are to live with that awareness. Clendenin, Journey with Jesus Foundation. If we listen carefully today, it should shock us too. Includes detailed textual notes. The rule of God, which his stories metaphorically disclosed, will undermine the ruling elite's self-serving systemic structures and institutions. Recommended articles from ATLAS, an online collection of religion and theology journals, are linked below.

Akinade, Akintunde E. Section on this text begins on page Section on this text begins on p. Michael Foss, Day 1Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password.

Matthew That these verses are entirely supplementary is the simplest and most natural view of them. All attempts to make out any evident connection with the immediately preceding context are, in our judgment, forced. But, though supplementary, these counsels are far from being of subordinate importance. On the contrary, they involve some of the most delicate and vital duties of the Christian life. In the vivid form in which they are here presented, perhaps they could not have been introduced with the same effect under any of the foregoing heads; but they spring out of the same great principles, and are but other forms and manifestations of the same evangelical "righteousness.

Censorious Judgment Matthew Judge not, that ye be not judged --To "judge" here does not exactly mean to pronounce condemnatory judgment, nor does it refer to simple judging at all, whether favorable or the reverse. The context makes it clear that the thing here condemned is that disposition to look unfavorably on the character and actions of others, which leads invariably to the pronouncing of rash, unjust, and unlovely judgments upon them. No doubt it is the judgments so pronounced which are here spoken of; but what our Lord aims at is the spirit out of which they spring.

Provided we eschew this unlovely spirit, we are not only warranted to sit in judgment upon a brother's character and actions, but in the exercise of a necessary discrimination are often constrained to do so for our own guidance. It is the violation of the law of love involved in the exercise of a censorious disposition which alone is here condemned.

And the argument against it--"that ye be not judged"--confirms this: "that your own character and actions be not pronounced upon with the like severity"; that is, at the great day. For with what judgments ye Judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete --whatever standard of judgment ye apply to others. Unkind judgment of others will be judicially returned upon ourselves, in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ.

But, as in many other cases under the divine administration, such harsh judgment gets self-punished even here. For people shrink from contact with those who systematically deal out harsh judgment upon others--naturally concluding that they themselves may be the next victims--and feel impelled in self-defense, when exposed to it, to roll back upon the assailant his own censures.

And why beholdest thou the mote --"splinter," here very well rendered "mote," denoting any small fault. Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye?

Thou hypocrite --"Hypocrite. The "hypocrisy" which, not without indignation, He charges it with, consists in the pretense of a zealous and compassionate charity, which cannot possibly be real in one who suffers worse faults to lie uncorrected in himself.

He only is fit to be a reprover of others who jealously and severely judges himself. Such persons will not only be slow to undertake the office of censor on their neighbors, but, when constrained in faithfulness to deal with them, will make it evident that they do it with reluctance and not satisfaction, with moderation and not exaggeration, with love and not harshness. Prostitution of Holy Things Matthew The opposite extreme to that of censoriousness is here condemned--want of discrimination of character.

Give not that which is holy unto the dogs --savage or snarling haters of truth and righteousness. In the East, dogs are wilder and more gregarious, and, feeding on carrion and garbage, are coarser and fiercer than the same animals in the West. Dogs and swine, besides being ceremonially unclean, were peculiarly repulsive to the Jews, and indeed to the ancients generally. Religion is brought into contempt, and its professors insulted, when it is forced upon those who cannot value it and will not have it.

But while the indiscriminately zealous have need of this caution, let us be on our guard against too readily setting our neighbors down as dogs and swine, and excusing ourselves from endeavoring to do them good on this poor plea. Prayer Matthew Enough, one might think, had been said on this subject in Matthew But the difficulty of the foregoing duties seems to have recalled the subject, and this gives it quite a new turn.

Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you --Though there seems evidently a climax here, expressive of more and more importunity, yet each of these terms used presents what we desire of God in a different light.